Gum disease is a bacterial infection of the gums and teeth. It can cause an inflammatory response in the surrounding bone that supports your teeth. The inflammation can progress to affect the bone itself, causing pain and destruction of teeth.Gum disease is most commonly caused by poor oral hygiene habits and decay, which leaves bacteria in your mouth to multiply. This bacteria then form a biofilm on your teeth, which creates more harmful bacteria than if there were no plaque.If left untreated, gum disease can lead to tooth loss or jawbone destruction. If you notice any signs of gum disease such as bleeding gums, bad breath or inflammation around your teeth, it's important to get gum disease treatment.
Causes of Gum Disease
The primary cause of Gum Disease is poor oral hygiene. If you are not brushing or flossing properly, then the chances of bacteria build-up are high. However, there are other reasons as well, such as
Symptoms of Gum Diseases
Yes, gum diseases are treatable. The recovery and treatment duration depends on the stage at which a gum infection is identified and preventive measures are taken.
No, gum diseases cannot be treated on its own. Gum diseases are caused by the development of tartar on the teeth leading to gum infection. This requires dental cleaning and good oral care routine. Get professional cleaning at your nearest Clove Dental clinic.
Gum diseases are categorized into 4 stages, gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease. Curing gum diseases and gum infection depends on the stage at which treatment begins. The recovery time at stage one is 10-14 days.
The first sign of gum disease is red, tender and swollen gums that cause discomfort and pain. Gums can also bleed while brushing, which is commonly considered as a sign of gingivitis-stage one of gum diseases.
Stages or Types of Gum Disease
The stages of Gum Diseases are as follows:
This is the first stage of gum disease, caused due to the plaque build-up on gums. If the plaque is not gone after brushing and flossing, then it can cause irritation. In this stage, you will notice your gums bleeding while brushing and flossing. Because bone is not affected in this stage, the chances of recovery are quite high.
Gingivitis if not treated on time, can lead to Periodontitis. This stage starts affecting your bone. Spaces are formed between bone and gum line as a result, bacteria will get a space food lodgement. If you visit your dentist on time then Periodontitis can be prevented. Periodontitis is an advanced gum disease.
This is the final stage of your gum disease where your bone is destroyed making your teeth loosen further. This can only be saved with surgery. And if the case is very advanced then even surgery cannot save your tooth, as a result, your dentist has to extract your tooth.
TREATMENT OPTION OF GUM DISEASE
The treatment option depends on the stage of Gum Disease. It also depends on your medical history and your overall health.
The treatment options range from non-surgical therapies to surgical treatments.
This is done in the very initial stage of developing a Gum Disease. Your dentist will remove the plaque or tartar (which hardens the tooth surface) from below and above the gum line. It is a preventive measure which helps you to save from getting gum disease.
Scaling & Root Planning
This is also a deep cleaning process. The only difference is that your dentist will give local anesthesia to start the process. Plaque and tartar are removed from above and below the gum line and after that, the rough spots are made smooth. The process of smoothing helps to remove the bacteria. This is done only if your dentist finds that you have calculus deposits under the gum.
In this, incision is made on the gums to remove the tartar. Sometimes the irregular surface of the bone is smoothened so that there are no areas for bacteria which cause this disease can hide. This method is used to remove the gap between gums and tooth.
This method is used to regenerate the bone. The periodontist use fragments of synthetic bone donated bone or your own bone which is used to replace the bone destroyed due to gum disease
Soft Tissue Graft
This method is used if the gums are receded. Gums are taken from the roof of the mouth and is stitched to the area of gum recession.
Guided Tissue Regeneration
Done along flap surgery when bone which supports your teeth are destroyed. Your periodontist will insert a small piece of mesh-like fabric between your bone and gum tissue.
Laser surgery or laser therapy is not a standalone treatment but works in conjunction with traditional therapies. In periodontal laser therapy, your periodontist uses a laser to access and remove the inflamed gum tissue from around your tooth's root. They then remove the tartar and plaque built up below and around your gumline. Next, they use a different tool to smooth out any rough spots on your tooth above and below the gumline. Removing these rough spots mitigates the chance your teeth and gums will attract more bacteria and get future infections.
Restoration of worn teeth can be made easier by surgical crown lengthening. It improves appearance and facilitates tooth preparation. Anatomical features can limit the height that can be gained.
Gum depigmentation, also known as gum bleaching, is a cosmetic periodontal procedure used to remove dark spots on the gums. Normal, healthy gum tissue will typically appear pale pink in color. However, in the case of gum depigmentation, abnormally high amounts of melanin can cause dark spots and patches to appear on the tissue. This discoloration can affect the appearance of your smile and result in decreased confidence and self-esteem for many men and women.
Gum depigmentation, commonly known as gum lightening or gum bleaching, does not actually utilize any sort of bleach or lightening agent to achieve lighter gums. The term draws on the idea of teeth whitening and bleaching, which imply a treatment or product used to lighten the teeth. However bleaching solutions and agents are not safe for application on the gums. Instead Dr. Tushar Chahan utilizes advanced technology, effective and minimally invasive treatment techniques to restore natural, pink gum tissue and improve patients’ smiles.
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