Humans start teething when they are as young as 6 months old and develop their set of primary ‘milk’ teeth.At the age of 6-7 years, humans start losing their milk teeth and the permanent set of teeth start emerging. Because the milk teeth will eventually fall off, some parents tend to ignore taking their child to a dentist.However, these milk teeth form the basis of developing permanent teeth. If proper care is not taken the problems can emerge which will last a lifetime. In recent years the cases of caries in children have grown manifold. Therefore, it is always advised to start taking care of your baby’s teeth in the very early stages of their life. This includes setting Oral Hygiene routine and regular visits to pediatric dentist.
Why do we need a kids specialist or a Pedodontist ? Why Kids Dentistry is required ?
Kids dentist or pediatric dentist are trained to take care of dental complexities of kids and teens. Pediatric dentistry is a separate field dedicated to kids, their oral health prevention and preparation for the future.
What treatment modalities are offered by the Pediatric Dentist
To comfort your child, rinse his/her mouth with warm salt water and apply a cold compress or ice wrapped in a cloth on your child's face if it is swollen. Do not put heat or aspirin on the sore area, but you may give the child acetaminophen for pain. See us as soon as possible.
Four things are necessary for cavities to form -- a tooth, bacteria, sugars or other carbohydrates and time. Dental plaque is a thin, sticky, colorless deposit of bacteria that constantly forms on everyone's teeth. When you eat, the sugars in your food cause the bacteria in plaque to produce acids that attack the tooth enamel. With time and repeated acid attacks, the enamel breaks down and a cavity forms.
Thumb and pacifier sucking habits that go on for a long period of time can create crowded, crooked teeth or bite problems. If they are still sucking their thumbs or fingers when the permanent teeth arrive, a mouth appliance may be recommended by your pediatric dentist. Most children stop these habits on their own.
Fluoride has been shown to dramatically decrease a person's chances of getting cavities by making teeth stronger. Fluoride in the drinking water is the best and easiest way to get it, but to make sure your child is getting enough fluoride, have your pediatric dentist evaluate the fluoride level of your child's primary source of water. If your child is not getting enough fluoride internally through water (especially in communities where the water district does not fluoridate the water or if your child drinks bottled water without fluoride), your pediatric dentist may prescribe fluoride supplements.
Root Canal Treatment In Milk Teeth - If you think your child is too young to need root canal treatment, think again — there is no age limit for this treatment. If his/her primary (baby) teeth have been injured, or if decay has advanced deep into the roots of your child’s teeth, a root canal treatment to stabilize teeth may be needed.
Oral Habits In Children - Frequently children acquire certain habits that may either temporarily or permanently be harmful to teeth and tooth supporting structures. These habits are acquired as a result of repetition
Prevention Treatments for Kids
Preventive medicine is the practice of promoting preventive health care to improve patient well-being. The goal is to ultimately prevent disease, and disability.It is important to inculcate the habit of maintaining good oral health at a very initial stage. This is an investment which will pay lifelong dividends in the form of healthy teeth and a healthy lifestyle. Parents should take initiatives to teach their children the correct technique of brushing and for that, it is highly important that they themselves should know the correct way of brushing. Make brushing a fun-filled activity for your child, brush along with them and encourage them to take preventive actions.
This aims at oral rehabilitation in children with multiple decayed teeth. Treatment involves multi level intervention like root canal, crowns, fillings, extraction with a rationale to improve speech, function and esthetics.
A common problem for which parents usually take their children to the dentist is decay. This is because there is a lack of proper dexterity of brushing in children. To avoid the problem of decay, parents should get the Fluoride application treatment in children at regular intervals. Fluoride helps to fight plaque and bacteria which can cause enamel loss which further causes cavities. Fluoride also strengthens the tooth structure & helps in bone growth. Under this treatment, the dentist incorporates fluoride ions into the tooth structure making them more prone to acid dissolution. This treatment is equally useful for both milk & permanent teeth.
The main reason for decay is the food and bacteria that is trapped in the pits & fissures of teeth. We chew food from the back teeth like molars and premolars which are never flat. The pits & fissures as discussed above are the depressions on these back teeth. They function as potential traps for bacteria & food and make it susceptible to decay. Therefore, as a preventive measure, certain pits and fissure sealants are placed. Dental sealants then come to the rescue. Sealants are plastic coatings placed on the chewing surface of the permanent tooth. They protect the tooth from decay. Because of fissures the permanent back teeth, molars, and premolars are vulnerable to decay.
Composite fillings are a mixture of acrylic resin and finely ground glasslike particles that produce a tooth-colored restoration. Composite fillings provide good durability and resistance to fracture in small-to-mid-size restorations that need to withstand moderate chewing pressure. Less tooth structure is removed when the dentist prepares the tooth, and this may result in a smaller filling than that of an amalgam. Composites can also be “bonded” or adhesively held in a cavity, often allowing the dentist to make a more conservative repair to the tooth. In teeth where chewing loads are high, composite fillings are less resistant to wear than silver amalgams.
Strip crowns, also known as "white crowns", are an alternative to placing crowns on primary incisors (top baby teeth) with large caries. This procedure is sensitive in its technique, and may not be an option for young children. With proper case selection, these "fillings" may last for at least two to three years. Stainless steel crowns with white facings (the front part is white) are also available in the event that strip crowns are not an option. Your dentist will be happy to discuss all options available for aesthetic restorations on primary teeth.
In children, the milk tooth is often called a decayed tooth. This is because the milk teeth begin to erupt before they fall out of their gums, which prevents the permanent teeth from erupting until the final tooth falls out. If you have a child with two rows of teeth, you may need to remove your child's milk tooth so that the permanent tooth can start to grow. Pulling out a decayed tooth from the jaw, under local anesthesia is called as extraction.
A space maintainer appliance is a type of dental implant that is placed in the jawbone to prevent loss of space for future tooth to erupt.The tooth if removed from the jaw before/prematurely, the adjacent teeth tilts in the empty space and blocks the space for future tooth to erupt. Therefore to preserve the space, a space maintainer appliance is placed to prevent the loss of space for future tooth to erupt.
The cleaning of teeth is the most important aspect of oral hygiene. It is also one of the most common procedures done in dental offices, but it can be complicated. In order to remove tarter, plaque and food particles from your teeth, you need to use a specialized instrument that only removes the plaque and tartar from your teeth without damaging their natural layer of enamel.
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Here is a look at halitosis, nine other common dental problems, and treatment options for each one.
Dental problems can affect your self-confidence, general health, and quality of life. Reach out to us at Aries Oro-Facial Dental Clinic whenever you notice signs of any of above mentioned common dental problems and treatment can begin as soon as possible.
Contact us, as well, for regular dental care to keep common dental problems at bay. Our dental professionals can assist with all aspects of your dental health.